Research continues to uncover the importance of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation for brain health. DHA is an essential omega-3 fatty acid that is a major component of cell membranes.
A deficiency in DHA is associated with cognitive decline in the elderly and Alzheimer’s patients. Furthermore, studies suggest that taking DHA might have protective properties against neurodegenerative disease.
Phosphatidylserine (PS) is a phospholipid found in all cells, but is highly concentrated in the human brain and nerve cells. It performs many important functions in the body, such as stimulating the release of dopamine, increasing the production of acetylcholine, enhancing brain glucose metabolism, reducing cortisol levels, and boosting the activity of nerve growth factor.
Acetyl-L-Carnitine (ALC) is a derivative of the amino acid Carnitine. It is produced by the body and plays a vital role in the transportation of fats into mitochondria (the powerhouses of the cells), and assists in the production of acetylcholine — a key neurotransmitter.
Numerous studies indicate that ALC may have an anti-aging function both in the brain and in the body. This is significant for those who have been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, as supplemental ALC may slow down the progression of this brain debilitating disease and perhaps even improve mental functioning.
Ginkgo biloba encourages healthy circulation in the brain and helps to fight free radical activity. Ginkgo has been shown to be beneficial in a broad range of conditions, including cerebral insufficiency, brain trauma, dementia, tinnitus, and vertigo.
Gingko leaf extracts contain many active constituents including flavonoids, terpenoids, and organic acids. It has been found that the flavonoid constituents in Ginkgo are responsible for scavenging free radicals, as well as other antioxidant effects.